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Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo biloba trees can live up to 1,000 years. Ginkgo grows most predominantly in the southern and eastern United States, southern France, China, and Korea. The leaves of the tree are used for their medicinal effects.

Ginkgo biloba helps to increase blood flow to the brain, which may be useful for alleviating memory loss, vertigo, tinnitus, disorientation, headaches and depression, especially in the elderly and especially those not responding to antidepressant drugs.

Many individuals suffering from circulation-related conditions such as leg cramps have reported favourable results when using ginkgo biloba. Ginkgo's antioxidant effects may protect the brain, central nervous system and cardiovascular system from age-related deterioratio, and inhibit high blood pressure. However, no studies have provided conclusive evidence supporting many of the claimed benefits of ginkgo biloba.

Recent studies have indicated that ginko may provide beneficial effects in connection with the following conditions:

* Age-related cognitive decline (ARCD)
* Alzheimer's disease (early-stage)
* Glaucoma (normal tension glaucoma)
* Intermittent claudication

Researchers attribute the medical effects of ginkgo biloba extract primarily to two categories of active constituents: flavone glycosides and terpene lactones. Ginkgo flavone glycosides are primarily responsible for ginkgo's antioxidant effects while the terpene lactones, also known as ginkgolides and bilobalide, are believed to be responsible for ginko's ability to increase blood circulation to the brain and other parts of the body.

Ginkgo's antioxidant effects may also inhibit platelet adhesion and thus decrease the risk of circulatory diseases such as atherosclerosis.

Ginkgo may also enhance cognitive performance in healthy older adults and in people suffering from age-related cognitive decline.

Dosage and Administration

General dosage recommendations for adults are 120 mg daily in two or three divided doses of 50:1 extract standardized to 25 flavone glycosides. For adults initial results often take four to six weeks, but should continue to accumulate beyond that period. You may not see any dramatic changes for six months.

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